What are the limitations of shale gas as a transition energy source?
In MAGIC we will provide such an analysis using the framework developed in the project, which is able to structure strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threads according to the feasibility, viability and desirability of the activity. In a first phase, we will define each of the SWOT components within the framework of quantitative analysis of social metabolism used in MAGIC with a case study in the US, where data is widely accessible. In a second phase, we will build scenarios of application in Europe and build the space of options for development in those regions.
For phase 1, we focus on the case of Pennsylvania where there is not only good biophysical data but a policy history to check. Pennsylvania, produces a third of the shale gas of the US, which supposes about half of the US natural gas.
Partners: UAB, UT and UiB.
For Phase 2, we chose four case studies to build QST scenarios of substitution of coal by natural gas in the energy mix and see how this change the SWOT indicators of:
- Vability of the country (economic and labor)
- Feasibility (environmental impacts) of the energy sector
- Desirability of the transition from coal to natural gas
The four case studies selected are:
- The UK, where shale gas is developing despite a strong social opposition;
- Poland, where shale gas is not developing despite the strong commitment of the government to implement the innovation;
- The Netherlands, which is already an important gas producer and has proven reserves;
- Germany, where the discussion about substituting coal with natural gas is on vogue after COP23, despite the current ban on the development of shale gas.
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