Akke Kok and Abigail Muscat expand on the topic of ecosystems and land use to write about how there are inevitable tradeoffs and that in order to manage these, more attention needs to be paid to societal values and stakeholder input around land use.
These authors extend their report to detail how their analysis shows that land management needs more evaluation methods because a loss of natural capital under current management practices is unsustainable, given the large inputs of fertilisers that are required annually.
The theme of this issue of the Nexus Times is Land Use, a term that has waxed and waned in prominence in the discourses on sustainability and more recently on the “perfect storm” of nexus security issues. Here we reflect on how many of the challenges for land use research identified in 1995 remain to be faced in 2019.
The EU Climate Change policy target of net zero emissions by 2050 implies the need for significant land use change, with tensions between carbon sequestration and the provision of food, bioenergy and other ecosystem functions and services. The article argues that we need new analysis methods and science-policy processes to tackle these challenges.
Accounting for ecosystem services using costs as well as benefits, measured by metrics beyond financial benefit, can effectively support debate and evaluation of trade-offs between services, impacts of land management activities, and has direct relevance for decision- and policy-making.
Land use and biodiversity conservation are intimately linked. Agriculture is the dominant type of land use in Europe, with about 75% of the terrestrial area used for crop production, grassland and forest (EEA, 2017). As such, it has an important role in European landscapes and biodiversity.
The analysis of the complexity of the coupled agricultural land system shows that land management rather than biodiversity is a necessary subject for evaluation of provisioning services from agriculture.
A working, balanced nexus that offers the possibility of sustainability, can be thought of as orchestral music played on a well-mixed record: all the parts are harmonized so that we can really enjoy the music...